It is precisely in the area of Kažela, Pošesi, Bijeca and Pineta, Siga and Munkalba, as well as the north-eastern section of Vižula that the buildings or building complexes with fertile land surrounding them appeared, and they included facilities for housing, and the processing and storage of goods both for the population’s own needs and for the market.
The sea at Bijeca, with its shoals, was exploited as an inexhaustible source of goods – with a salt pan, a fish nursery and fishery – depending on the season. Vižula, with the Burle necropolis dating to Antiquity/Late Antiquity, is the most researched site at which we may follow life in continuity over thousands of years, from the Neolithic to the early Middle Ages.
A terraced maritime villa built during the reign of Emperor Augustus is located on the western side of the Vižula Peninsula. Thanks to gradual additions, it acquired the form of a palace in the late imperial period at the turn of the 3rd into the
4th century, forming a unified architectural whole, so that the Roman historian Ammianus speculated that Crispus, the first-born son of Emperor Constantine, was executed here in 326 AD.
The necropolis of Burle, as a last resting place, also testifies to the lives of the inhabitants, their ups and downs and their beliefs. It is situated along the road that connects the villa/palace on the western side, the mansio/rest-stop next to the berth on the southern side, and the villa rustica in the north-eastern section of the peninsula with the Pola ager and its administrative seat, Colonia Pola in the west and the strategically vital municipium city Nesactium in the east.
A wealth of various artefacts on the seafloor
The over 500 burials tell us about the poverty and wealth of the people through their bronze, silver and gold jewellery, pottery and glass vessels, implements for making fishing nets or utensils for writing and stamping documents, interments in lead sarcophaguses or placement of ashes in a pit. The rich numismatic finds confirm the intensive mercantile activities from the era of Emperor Augustus at the end of the 1st century BC to the time of Ostrogothic King Athalaric in 534 AD.
The remains of Roman-era architecture on the islands of Levan and Finera testify to the importance of the Medulin area in Antiquity and the early Middle Ages.